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1753?-1898
The Kamehameha rulers and the Kingdom of Hawai‘i

A Chart of the Kamehameha Dynasty


1822
January 25
CHARLES REED BISHOP is born at Glens Falls, New York.

1831
December 19
BERNICE PAUAHI is born to ABNER KA‘EHU PAKI (father) and HIGH CHIEFESS LAURA KANAHOLO KONIA (mother).

Konia (pictured) is the grand-daughter of Kamehameha I. Bernice Pauahi is his great granddaughter.
 

1848
October 12 
CHARLES REED BISHOP decides to remain in Honolulu while en route to Oregon from New York. He becomes a naturalized citizen of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i in 1848. He is appointed Collector of Customs the same year.

 

1850
June 4
CHARLES REED BISHOP and BERNICE PAUAHI PAKI are married.


Photo credit: Bishop Museum

1883
May 24
KE‘ELIKOLANI, Princess Ruth, dies. Bernice Pauahi Bishop, her cousin, is named the principal heir to 353,000 acres of land.
1884
October 16
Ke Ali‘i Pauahi dies at age 53 after 34 years of a happy, but childless marriage. Article 13 of her will establishes the Kamehameha Schools. Her husband firmly guides the Schools as a Trustee until 1897. He is a major benefactor for the next 30 years until his death in 1915.
1885
April 6

The first meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Bishop Estate takes place in the drawing room of Keōua Hale. The Trustees are Charles Reed Bishop, Samuel M. Damon, Dr. C.M. Hyde, Charles M. Cooke and William O. Smith.

1886
July 1
REVEREND WILLIAM BREWSTER OLESON, principal of Hilo Boarding School, is appointed principal of the Kamehameha School for Boys .

The campus of the Kamehameha School for Boys was located in Kapā lama where the Bishop Museum stands.

 

1887
November 4
Opening ceremonies for Kamehameha School for Boys are held at the new Pālama campus. King Kalākaua addresses the students. Queen Kapī‘olani and other prominent citizens attend. The school is a 3 year program for boys over age 12.
1888
May 18
The Preparatory Department , an educational boarding program for boys under age 12, is opened. Mr. Bishop is the founder and benefactor. The building is his gift to the Schools.

1888
June 27
MISS CARRIE A. REAMER is appointed principal of the new Preparatory Department (elementary school).

 

 

1888
December 19
First Founder's Day. Mr. Bishop gives the principal address about the purpose of the Schools. It is published in Volume 1, Number 1 of the Schools first newspaper, Handicraft, in January 1889.

1889
Mr. Bishop builds The Bernice P. Bishop Museum in memory of his wife.

 

1890
December 15
Premier Glee Club concert is directed by THEODORE RICHARDS at the Opera House.
1891
June 23
Fourteen students are in the first graduating class of Kamehameha School for Boys. Mr. Bishop sponsors Charles E. King and Samuel Keli‘ inoi's education at Oswego Normal School in New York.

1891
December 19
Bishop Hall, the first Kamehameha School for Boys administrative and assembly building, is dedicated.

 

1893
December 19
For the first time, Kamehameha students and staff decorate Mrs. Bishop's grave. Founder's Day ceremonies are both solemn and festive include formal oratories, and hymns as well as a greased pig contest and foot, stilt and sack races.
1893
May 19
Kamehameha School for Boys adopt a four year course of studies.

1893
July 1
T
HEODORE RICHARDS is appointed the second principal of the Kamehameha School for Boys.

 

1894
March 2
Mr. Bishop moves to San Francisco. His involvement with the Schools continues.

1894
April 27
MISS IDA MAY POPE is appointed the Kamehameha School for Girls principal.

 

 

1894
December 19
Kamehameha School for Girls is formally dedicated.
Location: ma kai-diamond head corner of King and Kalihi Streets.
1894
HENRY BERGER organizes the Boys' first orchestra. He later becomes director of the Royal Hawaiian Band.

1895
April

The first officers of the newly formed Kamehameha Schools Alumni Association are elected.

1897
October 13
Mr. Bishop resigns as Trustee and becomes a permanent San Francisco resident. He retains an active interest in the Schools.
1897
December 19
The Bishop Memorial Chapel is a gift to the Kamehameha Schools from Mr. Bishop in memory of Bernice Pauahi Bishop. The dedication is held on her birthday.
1898
July 12
Reverend SILAS PERRY is the first chaplain of Bishop Memorial Chapel.
1898
September 1
The Kamehameha School for Girls curriculum is extended to 4 years.
1901
CHARLES BARTLETT DYKE is the first to be named "Principal of Kamehameha Schools."
1903 
The first Kamehameha School for Boys football team wins the interscholastic championship. They are coached by the REV. DR. JOHN. L. HOPWOOD, athletic director and the Schools chaplain (1903-17).

1904
October 19
The first to hold the title "President of the Kamehameha Schools" is PERLEY L. HORNE who is also Principal of Kamehameha School for Boys from 1904-14.

 

1904
E. FAXON BISHOP, nephew of Charles Reed Bishop, is appointed Trustee.

 

 

1906
Soccer is played as a competitve sport. 1913 is a championship season.


L Hudson photo. Plate XXXIV

1907
The 20th anniversary of the opening of the Kamehameha School for Boys is celebrated.
1908
The first joint graduation ceremony of the Manual Department and the School for Girls is held.
1912
December 19
The Kamehameha School for Girls Senior Cottage is dedicated.
1915
June 7
CHARLES REED BISHOP dies at Berkeley, California. He is 93 years old. His ashes are interred at the Royal Mausoleum, Mauna‘ala, at Honolulu, Hawai‘i.
1916
By an act of the U.S. Congress, the first Junior Reserve Officer Training Corp (JROTC) program in the nation is instituted at the Kamehameha School for Boys.
1917
The first Girl Scout troop in Hawai‘i is sponsored by QUEEN LILI‘UOKALANI and organized by Kamehameha School for Girls teacher, MISS FLORENCE J. LOWE.
1921
May 26
The first annual Song Contest is held in front of Bishop Hall at the Kamehameha School for Boys.
1921
September 1
Tenth grade is added to the Kamehameha School for Boys and the Kamehameha School for Girls curriculum. 
1922
Eleventh grade is added to the Kamehameha School for Boys and the Kamehameha School for Girls curriculum.

1923
July 1
FRANK E. MIDKIFF is appointed the third President (1923-34) of the Schools. To the curriculum, he added Hawaiian language instruction, the "Antioch" or "Cincinnati" part-time work/study plan and the live baby program for Senior Girls.

 

1923
September 1
Twelfth grade is added to the Kamehameha School for Boys and the Kamehameha School for Girls curriculum.
1923
September 1
The Cadet, successor to Blue and White, appears as a mimeographed weekly. Its name is later changed to Ka Mo‘i.

1924
Ka Mo‘i,
the name of the first school yearbook, changes to Na‘i Aupuni in 1945 and finally to Ka Na‘i Aupuni in 1953.

The yearbook name changes most frequently throughout the 1940s.
   Ka Moi -- 1940, 1941, 1943
   1943 — No annual —Due to War Effort, Annual Ka Moi Will Not Be Published — (school   newspaper headline April 9, 1943)
   Ka Buke o Kamehameha, 1944
   Na‘i Aupuni --1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952

1924
June 5
The first high school class graduates with 10 boys and 3 girls. A joint graduation is held to include the small number of senior girls.
1924
October
Senior girls live in the first Practice Cottage, a model home where they learn the art of managing a household. Duties include being a "child director," that is being a temporary mother of a real baby "borrowed" for the school year. After graduation, most girls first choose professional training and a career. After they married, they were known as accomplished homemakers. G Kanahele manuscript 219
1925
May
Trustees approve plans for a new campus on the heights of Kapālama.

1925
May 16

The first Ho‘olaulea is held. KS Annual Report 1965-66

1925
Summer
The Boys begin clearing land in Haha‘ione Valley for a model farm.

 

1926
May 26
The first formal Hawaiian song contest at the Kamehameha School for Boys. The winning class receives the George Alanson Andrus Cup.

 

1927
June 3
The first formal Hawaiian song contest at the Kamehameha School for Girls. The winning class receives the New England Mother's Cup.

 

1928
Under coach WILLIAM WISE, the Warrior football team wins the interscholastic championship for the second time against Punahou School and becomes the first local high school team to play on the mainland winning against Pasadena Junior College at the Rose Bowl. G Kanahele manuscript 226
1931
September 13
The new Kamehameha School for Girls campus on Kapālama Heights opens.
 
1932
June 1
The Preparatory Department closes because of lack of funds during the Depression and because Trustees believe the public schools will adequately prepare boys for the entrance examination to the Boys' school. KS Annual Report 1965-1966
1932
September
KSB ROTC status changes to "Civilian School with ROTC." 

1934
September 1
DR. HOMER F. BARNES becomes Principal-in-Charge when Frank E. Midkiff leaves to pursue a PhD at Yale University. Barnes emphasizes an academic, college preparatory curriculum in addition to the manual, industrial training program. High standards of behavior and achievement mark Kamehameha students as outstanding members of the community.

 

1935
The first six of over 50 participating KSB students and alumni colonize the Equatorial Line Islands (Howland, Baker and Jarvis) for the United States.

1939
FRANK E. MIDKIFF is appointed Trustee of the Bishop Estate (1939-83).

 

 

1940
September 2
Kamehameha School for Boys moves to a new campus on Kapālama heights.

1941
December 11
The Army Provisional General Hospital #1 is established at the Boys School for women, children and soldiers with minor wounds. In September 1942, the entire Kamehameha School for Girls campus becomes a branch of Tripler Army Hospital. The Girls join the Boys on the Kamehameha School for Boys campus.
KSPD at McNeill St 1943
September 6
The Preparatory Department re-opens for 320 students as a co-educational day school at McNeill Street, Honolulu.
1944
Curriculum for the Boys is reorganized into studies for the college bound, studies for commercial or business work and studies leading to employment in the trades.
1945
October 22
JROTC is reactivated after a lapse during WWII.

1946
August 1 
COLONEL HAROLD W. KENT is appointed the fourth President of Kamehameha Schools. In October, REVEREND STEPHEN DESHA teaches Hawaiian language class at the Boys' School.

1946
October 12
Centennial anniversary of the arrival of Charles Reed Bishop in Hawai'i. He is remembered as the founder of the Preparatory Department (currently Kamehameha Elementary School and Kamehameha Middle School).
1947
January 24
The entire Kamehameha Schools student body takes the last train trip of the O ‘ahu Railway and Land Company before it closes.

1947
March
The Hawaiian Culture Committee is appointed.

1947
September 1
JEAN KELLEY is the first student from Ni‘ihau.

 

1947
November 4
The 60th anniversary of KSB is celebrated . A record album, Songs of Hawai‘i, by the Kamehameha School Boys' and Girls' Chorus is recorded for the occasion.

1948
January 26
The Kamehameha School for Boys and the Kamehameha School for Girls are admitted to and accredited by Northwestern Association of Secondary and Higher Schools. KS Annual Report 1965-1966

luau

1948
October 31
The 60th Anniversary of the Opening of the Preparatory Department is celebrated.

1949
February 11
Kamehameha Schools Press publishes the Caroline Curtis and Mary Puku‘i Legend Series. Student Richard Goings, KSB Class of 1950, is the illustrator of Pikoi. The three books in the series are Pikoi, The Water of Kane (1951) and Tales of the Menehune (1960). Photo credit: Luryier (Pop) Diamon Photographs, Kamehameha Schools Archives

1949
November 10
The Konia classroom building is dedicated.

1951
August 1
U. S. War Department confers Military Institute (MI) designation for KSB.

1951
November 10
Kekuhaup‘o fieldhouse is dedicated. An airplane hanger, it was purchased from Hawaiian Air Transport Service and installed on Malalo Field.

1952
March 24
Staff service awards are instituted. A certificate, pins, and awards dinner are given to honorees.

1952
September 2
DR. DONALD KILOLANI MITCHELL heads the Bishop Museum Workshop for Kamehameha Schools students.

1953
October 6

T
he first FM station in Hawai‘i is the Schools' radio station, KVOK. It is located in the Konia classroom building, Room 108 and 109. Governor Samuel Wilder King is the guest speaker for the dedication.

1955
September 21
Princess Bernice Pauahi (administration) building is dedicated.

1955
September 25
Charles Reed Bishop campus of the Preparatory Department is dedicated at Kapālama heights.

1955
December 15
Ke Ali‘i Pauahi
, a magazine for graduates and parents is first published. The last issue is dated October 1969.

1956
The Ke Ali‘i Pauahi Award for distinguished service to the Bishop Estate and to the Kamehameha Schools is instituted at commencement exercises.

1957
April 22
Portraits of Bernice Pauahi and Charles Reed Bishop are presented to the Schools by the Class of 1956. The Schools' portraits are reproductions of those by Joseph Feher hanging at the Bishop Estate Office. Ka Mo‘i news article.

 

Photo credit: Kamehameha Schools Art Collection (KSAC)

1957
January 11
The Rifle Range is dedicated. The first invitational rifle meet is held.

Photo credit: Luryier (Pop) Diamond Photographs, Kamehameha Schools Archives

1957
November 12
The Kamehameha School for Boys property is transferred to the Bishop Museum.
1959
February 13, 14
The first Science Fair is held at Kamehameha Schools.
1959
March 1
Kamehameha Schools Directory of Graduates and Staff, 1887-1958 is published.

1959
May
Dr. Alonzo Moron, president of Hampton Institute in Virginia visits.
Hampton Normal and Agricultural School was originally established to educate African-Americans and Native Americans by General Samuel Chapman Armstrong, a Maui born educator. Charles Reed Bishop was interested in the Hampton vocational program and corresponded with General Armstrong. General Armstrong recommended several of the first teachers including Uldrick Thompson who became the third principal of the KS School for Boys. Ka Mo'i news article.

Photo credit: Digital Library of Hampton University

1960
November 4
Paki Hall classrooms are dedicated.

Photo credit: Luryier (Pop) Diamond Photographs, Kamehameha Schools Archives

1960
November 19
Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii by Samuel Kamakau is published by Kamehameha Schools Press.
1961
January 20
KSB band, color guard and marching unit in the Washington, D.C. inaugural parade for John F. Kennedy.
1961
September 1
A three year, high school level Hawaiian language course for credit is organized with the cooperation of the University of Hawai'i.

1961
September 1
The first coeducational classes are held.

Photo credit: Luryier (Pop) Diamond Photographs, Kamehameha Schools Archives

1962
February 18
Album of Likenesses (of Charles Reed and Bernice Pauahi Bishop) by Harold W. Kent is published by the Kamehameha Schools Press.
1962
October 17
JAMES W. BUSHONG becomes the fifth President of Kamehameha Schools. Former President Harold W. Kent becomes a consultant to the Trustees.

"We want Kamehameha to be the outstanding school, the best school and recognized as such--in the entire country."

1963

The Personnel, Extension, Scholarship and Occupational Departments are established.

1963
September 21
The Kamehameha Schools Advisory Council has its first meeting. Ke Ali‘i Pauahi v9n1 October 1963 p2-3
1963
October 22
The Kamehameha Schools Preparatory Department dormitories on Kapālama Heights are dedicated. KS Annual Report 1965-1966
  1963
November 4
The 75th Anniversary of the founding of the Schools is a year-long celebration.
  1964
May 1
The Ruth Ke‘elikolani swimming pool is dedicated.

1964
WINONA RUBIN is hired to head the Guidance Department. When she retires in 1971, she is principal of the high school.

 

 

1964
August 19

Princess Bernice Pauahi Building (Administration) is dedicated at Kapālama.

 
1965-1966 school year
Curriculum unification, or coeducational instruction closes the Kamehameha School for Boys and the Kamehameha School for Girls. All academic departments are consolidated, reorganized and relocated under the Kamehameha Schools.
1965-1966 school year
The first department to promote the study of Hawaiian values, culture and history is established. Department head: DONALD KILOLANI MITCHELL. Faculty: WINONA BEAMER, WRIGHT E. BOWMAN, ESTHER MCCLELLAN, VIOLET-MARIE ROSEHILL and CARINTHIA HARBOTTLE. SARAH AH YAT QUICK KEAHI joins the faculty the next school year.
1965
February 3
A memorandum signed on this date by DR. DONALD KILOLANI MITCHELL requests permission for students to do standing hula. Permission was granted by the Trustees.
 
1966
The first ho‘ike (presentation) in mele and hula was added to the Song Contest by NONA BEAMER.
 
1967
U.S. Internal Revenue Service allows the creation of subsidiaries by the Bishop Estate to develop its lands.
  1967-68  school year
The first traveling Hawaiian culture resource team visits fourth graders on the major Hawaiian islands.

1968
HUNG WO CHING, PhD, is the first Trustee appointed to a limited term with the mandatory retirement age of 70.

 

  1968
The first one week Explorations in Hawaiian culture program begins with post fifth graders.
  1968
The Christmas Concert moves to the Neal S. Blaisdell Concert Hall and opens to the public free of charge.
 
1969
April 16
U.S. Internal Revenue Service letter states that the Bishop Estate is a tax-exempt educational institution according to section 501 (c) (3) of the Tax Code.
 
1969
The first Board of Governors meets to manage the business of the Schools. Their mission accomplished, they dissolve in 1974.
 
1971
The first Kamehameha Early Education Program (KEEP) is conceived. Education, research and evaluation become a regular part of the Schools operations.

1972
JACK DARVILL becomes President of the Kamehameha Schools, controversial lMATSUO TAKABUKI becomes a Trustee, THOMAS HAMILTON becomes special advisor to the Trustees, JOHN D. BELLINGER and HERBERT CORNEUELLE become members of the powerful Board of Governors, and FRED CACHOLA becomes director of Extension Education, a large, influential division with a mandate to do more for more Hawaiians.

 

  1973
July 1
Kamehameha Schools is no longer a Military Institute, but a high school unit. For the first time since 1908, J.R.O.T.C. is voluntary for juniors and seniors, but mandatory for freshmen and sophomores. Girls may select J.R.O.T.C. as an elective course.
 
1974
September 26, 27
The Kuilima Hotel meeting of the Trustees and top 7 administrators establishes a mission statement and goals that would guide the Schools for the next 10 years.
  1974
The U.S. Congress recognizes Hawaiians as Native Americans for the purpose of funding programs.
1975
ROBERT SPRINGER becomes head of Campus Programs that includes the day and boarding programs, all educational divisions and departments and Student Personnel Services.
1975
February 19
The Bishop Museum incorporates as an autonomous entity, no longer a part of the Kamehameha Schools.
 
1976
Kamehameha Early Education Program (KEEP) becomes an educational division program rather than an extension education division program. In 1978, the Elementary School becomes a KEEP demonstration school. A lottery admissions system is first used.
1977
January 25
Midkiff Learning Center opens for the high school on the Kapālama campus.

1977
March
ANTHONY RAMOS, a native of Honoka‘a, Hawai'i and a 1958 graduate of the Kamehameha School for Boys, is named principal of the High School, Kapālalama campus. His retirement in July 2005 brings an end to 43 years of service to Kamehameha Schools including 28 years as high school principal.

 

 
1978
Kamehameha Schools/ Bishop Estate begins to sell its entire residential lease portfolio of 13, 000 house lots to comply with a judge's interpretation of Act 185 (leasehold reform passed by the 1975 State legislature).
 
1980
Jack Darvill, administrators and Trustees prepare an educational plan for a school with high performance standards, excellent student conduct and an enlarged mission to provide some of the education of all Hawaiian students.
  1980
The new Kekuhaupi‘o Gymnasium opens with seats for 2,800 people.
 
1980
The acclaimed KEEP program is renamed the Kamehameha Educational Research Institute (KERI). KERI includes preschool programs.

1981
The Royal Hawaiian Shopping Center in Waikīkī is built on Bishop Estate land.

 

  1983
The Final Report of the Native Hawaiian Educational Assessment Project was written.
  1984
Ulupono opens as a small KERI laboratory school for three to four years old under KERI.
1984
CHARLES T. AND BEATRICE PARRENT give $1 million to the Schools. Charles T. Parrent was a former teacher and principal of the Boys' School. The Parrent gift is the largest by any donor other than Charles Reed Bishop.
1984
May 30
The U.S. Supreme Court upholds the constitutionality of the Hawaii Land Reform Act and the ability of the State to condemn land for public use. A land based trust, the Bishop Estate is forced to sell its residential leasehold properties.

1985
June
Trustee MATSUO TAKABUKI leads Bishop Estate to invest in limited partnerships outside Hawai'i that will significantly increase the endowment of the Kamehameha Schools.

 

  1985
October
The Bishop Estate's first legal department is headed by NATHAN AIPA.

1887, the Centennial Year
Commemorations begin the year before. They include:
• Pauahi, the Kamehameha Legacy
by George S. Kanahele, KSB 1948

Enduring Pride, the TV film
Joint fundraiser with Bishop Museum
Bishop Memorial Church convocation Daniel Inoye as guest speaker/
Three coins with the likeness of Kamehameha Nui
Song Contest honoring Ke Ali‘i Pauahi
The Red Cross honoring Ke Ali‘i Pauahi as Humanitarian of the Year
A coin with the likeness of Ke Ali‘i Pauahi
The final event on November 4 commorates the the opening of the School for Boys. A birthday party is held with community representatives and representatives of other 100 year old schools, and KS students and staff at Kekūhaupi‘o

1988
MICHAEL J. CHUN, PhD, Kamehameha School for Boys Class of 1961, is the last President of Kamehameha Schools. When the CEO form of corporate governance is adopted in 2000 and Dr. Chun becomes headmaster of the Kapālama campus, he is given the title, President and Headmaster of Kamehameha Schools.

 

  [to be continued ]


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