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>> Ke Ali'‘i Bernice Pauahi Bishop ( December 19, 1831 to October 17, 1884 )
Bernice Pauahi, the great-grandaughter of Kamehameha I, was the only heiress to the lands and assets of the Kamehameha dynasty. When she died in 1884, her people were greatly reduced in number by introduced foreign diseases. Competing Western powers were a growing, influential presence and the fate of her people was perilous. Fond of children, but childless herself, she and her husband decided that education would be her legacy to her people.
As she instructs in her will
Thirteenth [article]. I give, devise and bequeath all of the rest, residue and remainder of my estate real and personal, whatever situated unto the trustees below named, their heirs and assigns forever, to hold upon the following trusts, namely: to erect and maintain in the Hawaiian Islands, two schools, each for boarding and day scholars, one for boys and one for girls, to be known as, and called The Kamehameha Schools...
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