Ka Waihona Palapala Kahiko O Nā Kula ʻO Kamehameha ma Kapālama      



1881-1887 Highlights

1883 May 24

Ke Ali’i Ruth Ke’elikolani dies and leaves 353,000 acres of land to her cousin, Bernice Pauahi Bishop, the last surviving heir of the Kamehameha ‘ohana.

1884 October 26

Pauahi dies of breast cancer.  Her last days are spent at Keöua Hale, the home of Ke’elikolani.  Her Will establishes the Kamehameha Schools. Her husband, Charles Reed Bishop, is among the first Trustees and guides decisions of the Schools until his death on June 7, 1915.

The Will concerning Kamehameha Schools --Thirteenth. I give, devise and bequeath all of the rest, residue and remainder of my estate real and personal, wherever situated unto the trustees below named, their heirs and assigns forever, to hold upon the following trusts, namely: to erect and maintain in the Hawaiian Islands two schools, each for boarding and day scholars, one for boys and one for girls, to be known as, and called the Kamehameha Schools. I direct my trustees to expend such amount as they may deem best, not to exceed however one-half of the fund which may come into their hands, in the purchase of suitable premises, the erection of school buildings, and in furnishing the same with the necessary and appropriate fixtures furniture and apparatus. I direct my trustees to invest the remainder of my estate in such manner as they may think best, and to expend the annual income in the maintenance of said schools; meaning thereby the salaries of teachers, the repairing buildings and other incidental expenses; and to devote a portion of each years income to the support and education of orphans, and others in indigent circumstances, giving the preference to Hawaiians of pure or part aboriginal blood; the proportion in which said annual income is to be divided among the various objects above mentioned to be determined solely by my said trustees they to have full discretion. I desire my trustees to provide first and chiefly a good education in the common English branches, and also instruction in morals and in such useful knowledge as may tend to make good and industrious men and women; and I desire instruction in the higher branches to be subsidiary to the foregoing objects. For the purposes aforesaid I grant unto my said trustees full power to lease or sell any portion of my real estate, and to reinvest the proceeds and the balance of my estate in real estate, or in such other manner as to my said trustees may seem best. I also give unto my said trustees full power to make all such rules and regulations as they may deem necessary for the government of said schools and to regulate the admission of pupils, and the same to alter, amend and publish upon a vote of a majority of said trustees. I also direct that my said trustees shall annually make a full and complete report of all receipts and expenditures, and of the condition of said schools to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, or other highest judicial officer in this country; and shall also file before him annually an inventory of the property in their hands and how invested, and to publish the same in some newspaper published in said Honolulu; I also direct my said trustees to keep said school buildings insured in good companies, and in case of loss to expend the amounts recovered in replacing or repairing said buildings. I also direct that the teachers of said schools shall forever be persons of the Protestant religion, but I do not intend that the choice should be restricted to persons of any particular sect of Protestants.

Fourteenth. I appoint my husband Charles R. Bishop, Samuel M. Damon, Charles M. Hyde, Charles M. Cooke, and William O. Smith, all of Honolulu, to be my trustees...

1872 February 12 -1891 January 20

Kalākaua is Mo’i.

1884 December 2 T

he Will of Bernice P. Bishop is probated.  Assets include lands of 378,506 acres with a tax assessed value of $300,000. Annual income is $30,683.

1885 April 9

The first meeting of the Board of Trustees...was held at Keōua Hale (21 Emma Street), with Bishop chosen chairman for the evening. Charles Reed Bishop by Harold W. Kent, 147.

1887 November  4

Opening day ceremonies are attended by royalty and prominent citizens.   KING KALĀKAUA  addresses students to value both the work of hands and the intelligence.

1885 April 25.  Queen Emma dies. She was the widow of Kamehameha IV and a candidate for the elected throne.  Kaläkaua. was elected Mo’i.

1885 December 23

The official Prospectus of Kamehameha Schools publically announced: ...It is intended that the course of study shall be specially adapted to the circumstances and needs of our island community, present and prospective, with no rigid requirements designed to turn out finished products of one particular pattern...

   The School for Girls will be located near Lunalilo Home...[the site of the present Roosevelt High School]...in Makiki and the School for Boys should be beyond the Reformatory on the western limits of Palama...[at Kaiwiula]...

1886 April 1-1893

THE REVEREND WILLIAM BREWSTER OLESON of Hilo Boarding School accepts the position of first Principal of Kamehameha School for Boys for the annual salary of $3000 with  house and pasturage.


1887 September 6  

Construction of the School for Boys begins with the Principal’s house, dining hall, dormitories 1 and 2, waterworks, kitchen, workshop, laundry, bathouse, storehouse, stable, water-closet, and blacksmith shop. The cost is $37, 722.68.

1887 July 6

King Kaläkaua is forced to sign the “Bayonet Constitution” relinquishing his power as a constitutional monarch to a Cabinet accountable to the Legislature.
1886 April 18.
Fire engulfs the densely populated Chinatown business district ewa of Fort Street dispossessing 7000 Chinese and 350 Hawaiians.

1887 May 20

Advertisement of the opening of a School for Boys is published in newspapers.

1887 October 3  

Kamehameha School for Boys opens for classes. By October 12, thirty seven boys over age 12 are enrolled with four teachers. L.C. Hudson history, 53.

Music teacher TTHEODORE RICHARDS writes: The three year curriculum emphasizes oral and written language; proficiency in mathematics, including algebra and geometry; original composition; familiarity with business forms and accounting practices, free-hand drawing and design; geography; laws of health; moral instruction and music.  Manual training consists of...carpentry, joinery, blacksmithing, piping, woodturning, stonecutting, composition and presswork.

Rising bell rings at 5:00 a.m. Each boy is required to do one and one-half hours of work before breakfast. Their chores include care of the buildings and grounds, helping in the kitchen and dining room, cutting firewood and clearing the campus of rocks and weeds.

Mr. Thompson and the morning work crew in about 1897.

Polynesians                     Preparatory and Girls        1925-1939          1960ʻs             1990ʻs            2005-06         2010-11

Kingdom of Hawaiʻi         A U.S. territory                    1940ʻs                1970ʻs              2000-02         2007-08        2012-13

Founding and Boys          1910-1924                          1950ʻs                1980ʻs              2003-04        2008-09         2013-14